These are the species of tree that we found in the forest.
Douglas Maple is named after a man named David Douglas. Because of its smooth stems and hairless leaves, it was given the name "Glabrum" as part of its binomial name, Acer Glabrum.
Kingdom : Plantae (unranked) : Angiosperms (unranked) : Eudicots (unranked) : Rosids Order : Sapindales Family : Sapindaceae Genus : Acer Species : A. Glabrum
Douglas Maple is a native tree to the western North America. They can be found throughout British Columbia and most of the rocky mountains.
A Douglas Maple tree starts off as a shrub at its early ages. As it grows, the trunk often divides into many small branches reaching up to form an irregular and uneven crown.
It has its usual maple leaf shape and has about 3-5 leaflets per leaf stock. It has a smooth and hairless surface. They are coarsely toothed. The leaves are dark green and eventually turn to a bright red-orange colour in the autumn.
It produces a fruit that has a bundle of winged-seeds. It is formed into a V-shape and are connected in pairs.
Indigenous people used Douglas Maple as a treatment for diarrhea by soaking up its leaves to extract the chemical compounds and its flavours.
Indigenous people used it to create snowshoe frames, ceremonial pieces, drum hoops, and bows.
Because of its tough fiber in the inner tree, it enables humans to create mats and ropes.
Douglas Maple is important for animals such as elk and deer because they feed on the branches and small mammals eat its seeds.
Since it produces winged-seeds, they twirl and act as helicopters as they fall of the tree It could withstand the drier open areas and colder temperatures better than other maple species.
Red Alder is a native species to Western North America like, Alaska, Yukon, B.C., Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, and Montana, It is also an invasive species that occupies the clearings and forms its own temporary forest.
It was named Red Alder because its inner bark turns into an orange-red colour due to exposure to air.
Kingdom : Plantae (unranked) : Angiosperms (unranked) : Eudicots (unranked) : Rosids Order : Fagales Family : Betulaceae Genus : Alnus Species : A. rubra
Red Alder grows on cool and moist slopes for the northern area while in California where the climate is dry, Red Alder grows along the watercourses and wetlands. In Canada, it occupies the entire coast of British Columbia
Red Alder is a tree that grows rapidly and reaches to about 80 ft. Its bark is think and gray, and is often covered with moss and lichen. Its leaves are green, ovate that has sharp tooth-like edges and narrows pointedly at the end. They turn yellow in the autumn before falling. Red Alder produces both male and female flowers. The male flowers are long and droopy catkins, while the female are short catkins that develop into a woody brown cone-like fruit. Red Alder has a short life span of 40 to 60 years compared to the average tree life span.
Red Alder is the largest species of Alder in North America and one of the largest in the world to reach about 98ft. It is also one of British Columbia's most important hardwood
The bark of Red Alder was used by local indigenous groups for dyeing basket material, wood, wool, feathers, human hair, and skin. They also used its bark to treat poison oak, skin irritation, and insect bites.
Because of its rapid growth, it is useful for covering the destroyed lands such as mine spoils.
Its wood is often used to manufacture furniture, flooring, and firewood. Its wood is also very efficient for smoking meat, like salmon.
It has the ability to put nitrogen back into the soil, which would be converted into a form that plants could absorb. This will provide nutritious compost on forest floors when nitrogen-rich leaves fall.
It's been clinically verified that Red Alder contains compounds that would effective to treat certain tumours.
Vine maple is the only member of the palmatum group that grows outside of Asia.They are usually found within 300 kilometres from the pacific ocean. The tree is more like huge shrub because it grows from 5 to 8 metres tall. The leaves are opposite palmately leaves and thin hairs on underside pointed with coarsely toothed margins and fall off during the fall, the flower also has small flowers. The trunk can bend easily and grow into the ground creating a natural arch, with the vine maple is the only maple that can do layering (creating new tree by growing into ground)
English Holly was only found once in the park but it was quite a big bush.
Hollies are small evergreens that are slow growing and only get to about 82 ft tall. They like to be in mostly temperate forest but sometimes like subtropical. They have glossy leaves with spiny leaf margins and their berries are red and slightly toxic to humans. Eat the berries can cause vomiting, and diarrhoea. Birds and other animals eat the berries to help distribute the seeds, the plant also helps bird have shelter in the winter
Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)
what we found when we saw this tree: this tree had a stick like trunk. the leaf was very large and was green, but was starting to turn yellow. they can grow up to 6 to 12 centimetres. they are green on the top and are a paler colour underneath. they almost have some kind of pear shape and have a sharply pointed tip. we found this species inside of the forest uses: cottonwood burns well and was used to make friction fire sets. ashes were used to make a cleanser for hair and buckskin clothing. First nations people used the resin from buds to treat sore throats, coughs, and lung pain so it was a very resourceful thing. where can you find it?: it grows west of the rocky mountains. and again we found it on the inside of the forest. taxonomy: kingdom: plantae (unranked):angiosperms (unranked):eudicots (unranked):rosids order: malpighiales family: salicaceae genus: populus AG
Big Maple Leaf (Acer macrophyllum)
what we found when we saw this tree: This tree has one of the largest maples in Canada. the height of the tree could go up to 36 metres. we found it near the clearing right outside of the forest. the leaves can go up to 15 to 30 centimetres across. they're dark green on the outside and paler on the inside of the leaf. the bark is a greyish brown and has a lot of grooves making it look a lot older. it has small helicopter plants/flowers attached to it which then fall off. the leaves fall of and before they do they turn a yellow colour. Uses: coastal peoples have called this tree a paddle tree because they have used the wood of it to make paddles. they have also used the inside of the bark to make baskets and for whisking berries. where can you find it?: you can find this tree on course, gravelly, moist soils. (near rivers and lakes. it commonly occurs in mixed group of tress with red adler, black cottonwood, and douglas fir. squirrels, grosbeaks and mice eat the seed of the big leaf maple. AG